Publication Type:

Journal Article


Environmental Pollution, Elsevier Ltd, Volume 219, p.1102-1108 (2016)




arsenic, Ascorbic acid, Carrier mobility, Extraction, Iron compounds, Lakes, Nitric acid, Oxic sediments, Positive ions, sediments, soils


A sequential extraction procedure (SEP) for the speciation analysis of As(III) and As(V) in oxic and suboxic soils and sediments was validated using a natural lake sediment and three certified reference materials, as well as spike recoveries of As(III) and As(V). Many of the extraction steps have been previously validated making the procedure useful for comparisons to similar previous SEP studies. The novel aspect of this research is the validation for the SEP to maintain As(III) and As(V) species. The proposed five step extraction procedure includes the extraction agents (NH4)2SO4, NH4H2PO4, H3PO4+NH2OHHCl, oxalate+ascorbic acid (heated), and HNO3+HCl+HF, targeting operationally defined easily exchangeable, strongly sorbed, amorphous Fe oxide bound, crystalline Fe oxide bound, and residual As fractions, respectively. The third extraction step, H3PO4+NH2OHHCl, has not been previously validated for fraction selectivity. We present evidence for this extraction step to target As complexed with amorphous Fe oxides when used in the SEP proposed here. All solutions were analyzed on ICP-MS. The greatest concentrations of As were extracted from the amorphous Fe oxide fraction and the dominant species was As(V). Lake sediment materials were found to have higher As(III) concentrations than the soil materials. Because different soils/sediments have different chemical characteristics, maintenance of As species during extractions must be validated for specific soil/sediment types using spiking experiments. 2016 Elsevier Ltd


Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2018 Elsevier Inc.<br/>20165003123153<br/>Certified reference materials<br/>Chemical characteristic<br/>Extraction procedure<br/>Sequential extraction<br/>Sequential extraction procedure<br/>Soils and sediments<br/>Speciation<br/>Speciation analysis