Publication Type:

Journal Article


Journal of Environmental Sciences (China), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Volume 66, p.338-347 (2018)




Bins, Chemicals removal (water treatment), fractionation, Groundwater, Groundwater pollution, iron, iron oxides, Lakes, manganese, models, oxidation, sediments


Sediments from an arsenic (As) contaminated groundwater vent site were used to investigate As(III) binding, transformation and redistribution in native and iron oxide amended lake sediments using aging spiked batch reactions and a sequential extraction procedure that maintains As(V) and As(III) speciation. In the native sediments, fractionation analysis revealed that 10% of the spiked As(III) remained intact after a 32-day aging experiment and was predominantly adsorbed to the strongly sorbed (NH4H2PO4extractable) and amorphous Fe oxide bound (H3PO4extractable) fractions. Kinetic modelling of the experimental results allowed identifying the dominant reaction path for depletion of dissolved As(III) to As(III) absorbed on to the solid phase, followed by oxidation in the solid phase. Arsenite was initially adsorbed primarily to the easily exchangeable fraction ((NH4)2SO4extractable), then rapidly transformed into As(V) and redistributed to the strongly sorbed and amorphous Fe oxide bound fractions. Oxidation of As(III) in recalcitrant fractions was less efficient. The iron oxide amendments illustrated the controls that iron oxides can have on As(III) binding and transformation rates. In goethite amended samples As(III) oxidation was faster and primarily occurred in the strongly sorbed and amorphous Fe oxide bound fractions. In these samples, 19.3 g Mn was redistributed (compared to the native sediment) from the easily exchangeable and crystalline Fe oxide bound fractions to the strongly sorbed and amorphous Fe oxide bound fractions, indicating that goethite may act as a catalyst for Mn(II) oxidation, thereby producing sorbed Mn(III/IV), which then appears to be involved in rapidly oxidizing As(III). 2017


Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2018 Elsevier Inc.<br/>20172103690790<br/>Arsenite<br/>Contaminated groundwater<br/>Exchangeable fraction<br/>Fractionation analysis<br/>Kinetic modelling<br/>Redistribution<br/>Sequential extraction procedure<br/>Transformation rates