Publication Type:

Book Chapter


Archean magmatism, volcanism, and ore deposits; Part 2, Volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits, Economic Geology Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, United States, Volume 109, p.89-101 (2014)




Abitibi Belt, absolute age, Archean, Canada, Canadian Shield, copper ores, dates, eastern canada, gold ores, igneous rocks, intrusions, massive deposits, massive sulfide deposits, Matagami, metal ores, nesosilicates, North America, ore grade, orientation, orthosilicates, Precambrian, production, quebec, rhyolites, silicates, sills, silver ores, superior province, U/Pb, volcanic rocks, VOLCANISM, zinc ores, zircon, zircon group


The Matagami mining camp in the northern Abitibi greenstone belt of Canada contains 19 known Archean volcanogenic massive sulfide (VMS) deposits, 11 of which have collectively produced 46.5 Mt of zinc-rich ore to date. The VMS deposits occur in three NW-SE- to WNW-ESE-oriented trends called the north flank, the south flank, and the west camp, which are composed of a felsic to mafic volcanic sequence cut by mafic to intermediate, synvolcanic sills and dikes. In order to clarify stratigraphic relationships between the south flank and the west camp, and to constrain the temporal evolution of volcanic activity, six new high-precision U-Pb zircon ages have been obtained. These data show that the total duration of felsic volcanism in the south flank was no more than 2.5 m.y., with the rhyolites extruded in the following order: Watson Rhyolite (2725.9 + or - 0.8 Ma), Bracemac Rhyolite (2725.8 + or - 0.7 Ma), Dumagami Rhyolite at the Perseverance Mine (2725.4 + or - 0.7 Ma), and Dumagami Rhyolite in the Orchan West VMS deposit area (2724.9 + or - 0.7 Ma). A hiatus in effusive volcanism is represented by the Key Tuffite, an important marker horizon in the camp. The hiatus probably lasted on the order of 0.5 m.y. Significantly, the rhyolite from the footwall of the Caber VMS deposit in the west camp has an age of 2725.9 + or - 1.2 Ma, identical to that of the Watson Rhyolite on the south flank.


GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geological Institute.<br/>2014-002453<br/>Bracemac Rhyolite<br/>Dumagami Rhyolite<br/>Wabassee Group<br/>Watson Group<br/>Watson Rhyolite