Publication Type:

Journal Article


Ore Geology ReviewsOre Geology Reviews, Elsevier B.V., Volume 90, p.827-846 (2017)




deposits, geochronology, Gold deposits, Lead, Magnetite, mineralogy, oxidation, oxygen, Rivers, Silicate minerals, Trace elements, Uranium, zircon, Zircon deposits


The JinshajiangRed River porphyry Cu (MoAu) metallogenic belt (JRMB) is the most important intracontinental porphyry Cu (MoAu) mineralizing zone in the Sanjiang region, southwest China. The belt contains a number of giant deposits, including Yulong (6.50 Mt Cu) and Beiya (315 t Au) in the northern and center parts, and several small deposits in the southern part (e.g., Tongchang, 0.03 Mt Cu + Mo; Chang'anchong, 0.04 Mt Cu + Mo; Habo, 0.57 Mt Cu + Mo; and Chang'an 31 t Au). In order to investigate the mechanisms controlling the variation in size of these deposits, the LA-ICP-MS zircon UPb dating, bulk-rock geochemistry, and zircon trace-element analyses have been performed on the mineralization-related porphyries from the Tongchang district. Zircon UPb dating yielded concordant ages of 34.2 0.6 Ma (Tongchang), 33.7 0.8 Ma (Chang'anchong), 35.7 0.5 Ma (Habo) and 34.6 1.2 Ma (Chang'an). These porphyries are peraluminous with relatively high potassium contents (K2O: 4.25.7 wt%), and show shoshonitic affinities. Bulk rock Fe2O3/FeO ratios vary from 0.51 to 0.97, typical of moderately oxidized to strongly oxidized magmas. Zircon Ce4+/Ce3+values vary between 25.9 and 371.8 with a mean of 129.3. The log(o2) values vary from 20.7 to 9.6, and plot within the range of FMQ (fayalite-magnetite-quartz oxygen buffer) to MH (magnetite- hematite oxygen buffer), indicating an oxidizing parental magma. The mineralized porphyries from the Yulong and Beiya deposits, which were previous considered to have formed under the same tectonic conditions as those in the Tongchang district, have higher mean zircon Ce4+/Ce3+values of 249.4 and 399.5, suggesting that the oxygen fugacities of the porphyries in the Tongchang district is relatively lower. This might imply that oxygen fugacity is an important factor that led to the differentiation of deposit size in the JRMB, and that larger porphyry deposits are associated with more oxidized magmas. 2016 Elsevier B.V.


Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2018 Elsevier Inc.<br/>20170203234516<br/>Bulk-rock geochemistries<br/>LA-ICP-MS zircon U-Pb dating<br/>Metallogenic belt<br/>Mineralized porphyry<br/>Oxidation state<br/>Porphyry deposits<br/>Trace element analysis<br/>Zircon U-Pb dating