Publication Type:

Journal Article


Canadian Journal of Earth SciencesCanadian Journal of Earth Sciences, National Research Council of Canada, Volume 50, Number 6, p.678-691 (2013)




geochronology, Granite, Lead, Levees, mineralogy, niobium, Silicate minerals, tectonics, zirconium


The circular Bokan Mountain complex (BMC) on southern Prince of Wales Island, southernmost Alaska, is a Jurassic peralkaline granitic intrusion about 3 km in diameter that crosscuts igneous and metasedimentary rocks of the Alexander terrane. The BMC hosts significant rare metal (rare earth elements, Y, U, Th, Zr, and Nb) mineralization related to the last stage of BMC emplacement. U-Pb (zircon) and 40Ar/39Ar (amphibole and whole-rock) geochronology indicates the following sequence of intrusive activity: (i) a Paleozoic basement composed mainly of 469 4 Ma granitic rocks; (ii) intrusion of the BMC at 177 1 Ma followed by rapid cooling through ca. 550C at 176 1 Ma that was synchronous with mineralization associated with vertical, WNW-trending pegmatites, felsic dikes, and aegirine-fluorite veins and late-stage, sinistral shear deformation; and (iii) intrusion of crosscutting lamprophyre dikes at 150 Ma and again at ca. 105 Ma. The peralkaline nature of the BMC and the WNW trend of associated dikes suggest intrusion during NE-SW rifting that was followed by NE-SW shortening during the waning stages of BMC emplacement. The 177 Ma BMC was synchronous with other magmatic centres in the Alexander terrane, such as (1) the Dora Bay peralkaline stock and (2) the bimodal Moffatt volcanic suite located ~30 km north and ~100 km SE of the BMC, respectively. This regional magmatism is interpreted to represent a regional extensional event that precedes deposition of the Late Jurassic - Cretaceous Gravina sequence that oversteps the Wrangellia and Alexander exotic accreted terranes and the Taku and Yukon- Tanana pericratonic terranes of the Canadian-Alaskan Cordillera.


Compilation and indexing terms, Copyright 2018 Elsevier Inc.<br/>20132516429948<br/>Early Jurassic<br/>Granitic rocks<br/>Lamprophyre<br/>Late Jurassic<br/>Metasedimentary rocks<br/>Rapid cooling<br/>Rare metals<br/>Whole rocks